A Toothache can be caused by many different factors. Decay: If the tooth is decayed it can cause pain to hot/cold. This needs to be treated as soon as possible with a simple filling to try and prevent the nerve from becoming infected. Once the nerve becomes infected the tooth will need a Root Canal or an extraction to relieve the pain.
Gum Disease: With bad oral hygiene and lack of cleaning, the gums that are the foundation for your teeth become inflamed and can create pain. The gums will need to be treated by the dentist and a deep clean around the areas to help the inflammation settle down.
Trauma: If the tooth has suffered a trauma of some sort such as a hit to the mouth with a ball, the tooth could eventually cause pain. Once the nerve of the tooth has been injured through trauma it may slowly start to die and in turn an infection may develop. This would need to be treated with a Root Canal or an Extraction. – in the case of trauma where the tooth is dislodged from the socket place the tooth in a cup of milk and see an afterhours dentist.
Sinus Infection: What feels like a toothache may not always be the tooth causing the pain. The upper teeth sometime rest at the bed of the sinus wall. When a sinus infections is present this pain can sometimes refer to the tooth and mimic the pain of a toothache.
Existing Deep Fillings: When a filling a very deep in a tooth, the dentist will place some medicated linings in the tooth the help prevent any pain. Sometimes the tooth will flare up without notice as the nerve has been irritated from the previous decay. This will cause a toothache that will require either a Root Canal or an Extraction.
Wisdom teeth: When wisdom teeth start to erupt in the mouth the can cause some pain whist they are coming through the gum, this will sometimes settle down in time. When the teeth become, partial erupted the teeth can continue to cause pain. It is recommended to remove wisdom teeth before they become a problem.
What to Do If It is Out of Business Hours?
You can never plan when to have a toothache and they always seem to pop up when least expected. To help get you through the pain until you can get in to see the dentist here are a few tips you can try:
Over the counter pain medication such as Panadol, Neurofen, or Maxigesic will help dull the pain.
Applying ice packs or running warm water to the area may help relieve the pain
Rinsing your mouth with warm salty water can temporarily relieve the pain.